The activity focused on making group decisions to achieve various objectives is known as politics . It's about making use of power that has been achieved to resolve conflicts of interest that exist in a population or society .
An east term, political, that has its etymological origin in the Greek and specifically in the word cops which can be translated as "city." But not only from this emanates that but also from what was known at that time as "The Politeia" which was the name that the Greeks used to refer to the so-called "Theory of the Polis".
Fiscal , from Latin fiscālis, is what belongs or is related to the treasury (as it is called to the group of public organisms destined to the collection of taxes or the public treasury in general).
What is known as fiscal policy , therefore, it is a division framed in economic policy that is responsible for establishing the budget of a State , with the taxes and the variable of public spending as points to consider to preserve financial stability.
The purpose of fiscal policy is to enable the growth of the economy, dampen the fluctuations of economic periods and ensure the proper administration of state resources. Fiscal policy measures have a short-term impact on the level of employment, production and prices of market .
For all these hallmarks of fiscal policy, over the years it has become the focus of many groups and thinkers who have not doubted a single moment in questioning it. And it is that the circumstances to which it has led on occasion have made not everyone trust it.
In this way, among the main arguments that have been put forward against it is the one that can cause a decrease in what is the demand for investment, can bring with it what is a trade deficit and also is based on the propensity to consume It is not always the same, it is absolutely inconstant.
Like all political activity, fiscal policy is determined by the ideology of its designer and executor. The government can implement a expansionist fiscal policy (with an increase in public spending or tax cuts) or a contractive fiscal policy (which seeks to cut public spending and / or increase taxes).
Ultimately, fiscal policy should serve to distribute the wealth of a country and correct market failures. For ethical reasons, it is considered that fiscal policy should favor those who have less to achieve social inclusion and avoid outbursts.
Finally, we must underline the fact that in Spain there is what is known as the Fiscal and Financial Policy Council. An east agency, created in 1980 and part of the Ministry of Finance and Public Administration, which aims to coordinate what is the financial activity of the State in general with which it takes place between the different autonomous communities that make up the country.