Privilege we can say that it is a term that, etymologically speaking, comes from Latin. "Privilegium" is, in particular, the Latin word from which he and she emanates, consisting of the sum of three clear components: "privus", which is synonymous with "private"; "Legalis", which is equivalent to "relative to the law", and finally the suffix "-ium", which can be translated as "indicative of relationship".
Privilege is a special advantage or one exemption from an obligation that someone enjoys for the concession of a superior or for their own capacity and circumstance. The term is also used to name the document in which the granting of the privilege is recorded.
There are many ways to understand the concept of privilege. In a judicial or normative sense, the privilege may be a special permit granted by the authorities . The privileged, therefore, enjoy better conditions than ordinary citizens.
We would have to establish that there are many types of privileges, that they have their peculiarities and that it is worth knowing:
• Local privilege, which is the one granted to a specific space and that does not exist outside its borders.
• Personal privilege. This, as its name implies, is that which is granted to a specific individual and is not transmitted to his successors.
• Odious privilege, which is defined by the fact that when granted to a person, it means that a third party is harmed.
• Remuneration privilege. In your case, we can determine that it is the one that is given as a reward to someone who has carried out an action that is worth being recognized, praised and rewarded.
In past centuries, we would have to say that there was what was called the privileged gentleman. This was a term that was used to refer to that man who managed to become a gentleman, a nobleman, because he proceeded to buy that “title” or because it was granted directly by whoever was at that time exercising as king, as a method of compensating various actions that he would have carried out in favor of the monarch.
By extension, it is known as privileged class to the one with the greatest power and wealth and that, therefore, constitutes a elite . At Old Regime , the nobility and the clergy they constituted the privileged estate and were maintained by the third estate (the plain people).
At present, the upper class It is the privileged social group. The upper class is understood as the set of people They have economic and productive means, they have access to all services, they live in comfortable houses, they have savings, etc. The less privileged or the unprivileged, on the other hand, belong to the lower classes: they are poor, do not have access to health and education, subsist in precarious housing and suffer unemployment.
Beyond the socio-political conditions and the exercise of power, a privilege can be a natural and innate faculty . For example: "Diego Maradona was born with the privilege of dominating the ball at will", “Having an absolute ear is a privilege that I must thank nature”.