passive It is an adjective that comes from Latin passivus and that has various uses. A passive person is the one who does not do things for herself, but lets others work . Passivity is a attitude opposite to the commitment, to the constant action, to the will to direct one's life and to get involved with each and every one of its stages.
It is called passive subject to the one who receives the action of the agent and who does not cooperate with her. Let's look at an example sentence: "We believe that the defendant is responsible for the situation because, although he did not have a harmful intention, his actions in this regard cannot be ignored".
From a linguistic point of view, the passive voice allows to locate the subject as the recipient of the action, which is performed by the so-called complement agent, unlike what happens in active sentences. While in the active voice it says "the architect Antoni Gaudí designed the monument of the Sagrada Familia", his passive form is"The monument of the Sagrada Familia was designed by the architect Antoni Gaudí".
The verb design It is transitive, which means that you need a direct object to complete your meaning: the sentence "Gaudi designed"It makes no sense while"Gaudi designed a building"It is perfectly understandable. Regarding this verbal classification, the passive voice transforms these verbs into intransitive, leaving a single possible argument: the agent complement.
Although Castilian admits only transitive verbs when building a sentence passively, there are a few verbs belonging to this classification that are not compatible with this mode of expression; for example, having and never being part of passive phrases, such as "the car was had by my father"or"the house was inhabited".
It is worth mentioning that the passive voice mentioned so far is known as analytics and it is built with the verb to be more him participle of the main verb of the active voice. Its use is not very common in oral language, unlike the voice passive reflects (also called passive with yourself"), which can be formed from any type of verb, whether transitive or intransitive. Basically, the subject must be in third person singular or plural and agree with the verb; for example: "chef is looking for", "tickets are given"The impersonal form, on the other hand, has no subject, so the verb must always be singular:"the victim / s will be compensated".
It is interesting to note that in everyday speech many people often confuse the term passive with peaceful, probably because of its spelling or sound similarity. In this way, calm individuals, who do not generate discussions or who do not allow themselves to be disturbed by them, are mistakenly called liabilities.
The passive is known as the pension or to have that some people receive thanks to the services they provided in the past or to right that they won and that was transmitted to them. The retirees, therefore, are usually mentioned as the passive class (since it does not generate direct contributions to the productive activity of a country).
For the accounting , the liability is the Monetary value of debts, obligations and commitments that are levied on a person, a company or an institution . The liability, like the asset, is reflected in the balance sheets.
The notion of liabilities is also used in the sexuality to mention the person who, in a homosexual relationship, is penetrated by the other subject. The role of the passive individual is usually submissive during sexual intercourse, a conduct which can extend to other spheres of life as a couple.