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The expression "human rights" (also frequently cited as DD.HH. ) refers to freedoms, claims and powers of each individual for the sole fact of belonging to the human race. This means that they are inalienable rights (since no one, in any way, can take away these rights to another subject beyond the legal order that is established) and independent profile against any particular factor (race, nationality, religion, sex, etc.).

Human rights are also characterized by being irrevocable (cannot be abolished), nontransferable (an individual cannot "assign" his rights to another subject) and inalienable (nobody has the permission to reject their basic rights). Even when they are protected and contemplated by most international laws, human rights imply moral and ethical bases that society considers it necessary to respect to protect the dignity of people .

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (abbreviated through the acronym UDHR ), which was adopted by the United Nations in 1948 , brings together all the rights that are considered as basic. It is known as International Charter of Human Rights to the combination of this declaration with the different international human rights pacts that were agreed between different nations.

The UDHR notes that, at birth, all men and women they are free and identical in terms of rights and dignity and makes clear its position of rejection towards slavery, servitude, torture and treatment that can be considered as inhuman, degrading or cruel.

When establishing the list of existing human rights, we must make it known that they are classified as follows:
Civil and political rights: to life, to equality, to freedom ...
Economic, social and cultural rights: to health, education, housing ...
Labor rights: to work, to the free choice of work ...
Rights of detainees and prisoners: to a humane treatment and with respect to the inherent dignity of the human being ...
Rights before the Administration.
Rights in relation to the Administration of Justice: to be heard by the Court, to be judged by an independent and impartial tribunal ...
Rights of peoples and rights of victims of violations of fundamental rights.

Among the aforementioned violations are the forced disappearances of persons, terrorism, propaganda in favor of war, genocide and war crimes, the exploitation of man by man, torture and inhuman or degrading penalties, slavery, forced labor or hate apology.

In addition to all the aforementioned, we have to state that one of the organizations that work most on a daily basis for Human Rights is, without a doubt, Amnesty International that is characterized as being an independent and absolutely democratic entity. To achieve its mission, it carries out research tasks to bring to light situations that threaten human rights as a way of denouncing them and preventing them from becoming effective.

In recent decades, the concept of human rights has acquired great importance in most of the world's societies. Those rulers and regimes accused of violating human rights are often condemned by their own people and by the various international organizations.

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