The term ergonomics It comes from a Greek word and refers to study of biological and technological data that allow the adaptation between man and the machines or the objects.
The translation of the Greek concept is related to the norms that regulate human actions. Ergonomics, therefore, analyzes the interaction between the human being and other elements of a system with the objective of promote human well-being and system performance .
Ergonomics is proposed that people and the technology Work in harmony. For this it is dedicated to the design of jobs, tools and utensils that, thanks to their characteristics, manage to meet human needs and meet their limitations. This discipline , therefore, it allows to avoid or reduce the injuries and illnesses of man linked to the use of technology and artificial environments.
But these two are not the only benefits that comes with carrying out the development and application of the aforementioned ergonomics. In this sense, we could highlight that it also allows to increase efficiency and productivity or the good climate that exists within the organization. All this without forgetting that it allows to simplify the tasks that the employee has assigned.
A ergonomic object It is one that offers user comfort, efficiency and a good level of productivity. For example: there are people who spend many daily hours sitting in front of a computer for work reasons. Ergonomics is responsible for designing specific chairs for this task and seeks to adapt certain elements (such as the keyboard) for the user's convenience. Without the application of ergonomic techniques on these objects, it is possible that the person suffers from back and joint pains, among others.
In the case of all those devices that are used by people with physical disability or mobility problems, ergonomics takes into account a whole series of elements to ensure that the aforementioned are as comfortable, effective and effective for those individuals. Thus, for example, in wheelchairs, important details such as the height of the seat and its inclination, the width or the distance between the footrest and said seat are taken care of.
On the other hand, in the case of what is the design of the work teams and the tools that they have at their disposal we could establish the fact that ergonomics, to achieve the best advantages for employees, takes care of to the millimeter everything related to the comfort of the chairs, the noise, the height of the work surface with respect to the height of the elbow or the start-up of anti-fatigue mats for all those workers who perform their daily tasks on their feet.
In the case of Spain, we should highlight that there is the Spanish Ergonomics Association that is responsible, among other things, for promoting the value of this activity for the well-being of all.
Ergonomics uses notions of engineering , physiology, biomechanics and psychology , among other sciences , to meet your efficiency and comfort goals.