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The name of an Egyptian city derived from veronix, a low Latin term that later became berniz and came to our language as varnish . It is called a varnish dissolution of one or more resins or oily substances in a liquid which, when in contact with the air, dries or volatilizes.

Although its historical origin is unclear, it is known that varnishes were used by the ancient Greeks to protect the wood of their boats. Also in the Ancient Egypt varnishes were used to decorate the graves.

The varnish, in general, is usually applied to different elements for protect them from damage caused by external agents like the rays of Sun and the humidity . In addition to improving strength, varnishes are also used to beautify surfaces .

There are synthetic varnishes and varnishes that originate from elements of the nature . It is important to note that it is possible to mix these substances with dyes to alter their colour .

Once the varnish dries, it becomes a kind of film that covers the surface . The varnish, in this way, acts as a thin layer that provides protection to the varnish.

DIY lovers face a large number of challenges and techniques to restore damaged objects, convert waste into household items and even imitate exclusive designs with very little money. Among all the activities they do, varnishing is one of the most common, and they usually practice it on wood, both to revive old furniture and to give a more impressive finish to almost any product.

We must not underestimate the renovating effect that varnish has on objects , especially in the wooden ones, since this material It usually looks quite dull if you don't work in any way. As in any case, it is not enough to buy a can of varnish and apply it on a piece of furniture, but it is necessary to learn certain tricks and become familiar with the different aspects of the process.

One of the first points to consider before varnishing is to know the characteristics of the surface, since only then can we buy the type of varnish suitable for it. In the particular case of wood, since it can become a very porous material, it sometimes becomes necessary to apply several layers of varnish.

In addition to knowing the type of wood to buy the corresponding varnish it is important to have a space of job of adequate dimensions, preferably if it is isolated from all those products that we want to protect against stains and drops, such as appliances, curtains and carpets.

In this context, there is a need for adequate ventilation, since the inhalation of varnish - even if it is not indirect - can lead to poisoning. On the other hand, it is advisable to have a structure on which to support the object to varnish to avoid bad postures.

If the wood is worn, had already been varnished or is not completely clean, we must sand it and dust it before applying any product . With respect to the brush for varnishing, a large and flat one is recommended to cover wide surfaces, in combination with a small one for the edges and the parts of difficult access.

Varnish, on the other hand, is the name that receives the dissolution which is used to bathe the porcelain , the crockery and the mud when they are raw so that later, with cooking, it is vitrified, waterproofs the piece and acquires a glossy finish. These varnishes are also resinous and leave a very thin film on the objects in which they are applied.

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